Woodworking Glossary

Woodworking is the craft of creating objects from wood using various tools and techniques. Here is the glossary for tools:
  1. Band Saw: A power tool with a continuous toothed metal blade stretched between two wheels, used for cutting curves in wood.
  2. Belt Sander: A power tool equipped with a continuous loop of sandpaper, used for rapid material removal and smoothing of wood surfaces.
  3. Bench Dog: A device used in conjunction with a workbench vise to hold large or irregularly shaped workpieces securely in place during woodworking operations.
  4. Bench Grinder: A power tool used for sharpening cutting tools such as chisels and plane irons, as well as for shaping and grinding metal and wood.
  5. Bench Hook: A simple woodworking jig consisting of a wooden board with a fence, used to hold workpieces securely while sawing or chiseling.
  6. Brad Nailer: A pneumatic or electric tool used to drive small finishing nails (brads) into wood materials, commonly used for attaching trim, molding, and small pieces of wood.
  7. Burnishing Tool: A tool used to create a polished or glossy finish on wood surfaces by rubbing or pressing a hard, smooth object against the wood fibers.
  8. Cabinet Hardware Jig: A template or jig used to accurately position holes for cabinet hardware such as handles, knobs, and hinges, ensuring consistent and precise installation.
  9. Cabinet Scraper: A flat, thin piece of steel used for smoothing wood surfaces by scraping away thin shavings, typically used after planing or sanding to achieve a glass-smooth finish.
  10. Chamfer: A beveled edge or surface cut along the corner of a piece of wood.
  11. Chisel: A cutting tool with a flat metal blade used for shaping, carving, or cutting wood.
  12. Circle Cutting Jig: A jig or attachment used with a router or jigsaw to cut perfect circles or arcs in wood, providing a simple and accurate method for creating curved shapes in woodworking projects.
  13. Coping Foot: An attachment for a jigsaw used to make coping cuts on moldings or trim pieces, allowing for precise fitting of joints.
  14. Coping Saw: A handheld saw with a narrow, fine-toothed blade used for making intricate cuts and curves.
  15. Countersink Bit: A type of drill bit with a tapered head used to create a conical recess in wood for accommodating the head of a screw, allowing it to sit flush with or below the surface of the wood.
  16. Crosscut: A type of cut made perpendicular to the wood grain.
  17. Dado Joint: A groove cut across the grain of one piece of wood to receive the end of another piece, forming a joint.
  18. Dovetail Joint: A strong, interlocking joint commonly used in woodworking to join two pieces of wood together at a right angle.
  19. Drill Guide: A device used to ensure accurate and straight drilling by providing a guide for the drill bit, commonly used when drilling holes at precise angles or depths.
  20. Drill Press: A stationary power tool equipped with a rotating drill bit mounted on a vertical spindle, used for drilling precise holes in wood and other materials.
  21. Drawknife: A traditional woodworking tool with a blade that can be pulled or drawn towards the user, used for shaping and smoothing wood by removing large amounts of material.
  22. Dust Extractor/Vacuum: A machine used to collect and remove sawdust, wood chips, and other debris produced during woodworking operations, helping to maintain a clean and safe working environment.
  23. Edge Banding Trimmer: A handheld tool used for trimming and smoothing edge banding, which is a thin strip of material applied to the edges of plywood or other sheet goods to conceal the exposed edges.
  24. Edge Banding Trimmer: A hand tool or machine used to trim excess edge banding material flush with the surface of a wood panel, providing a clean and finished appearance.
  25. Featherboard: A device used in woodworking to hold a workpiece securely against a fence or table, typically used with a table saw or router table to ensure a straight and consistent cut.
  26. Fishtail Chisel: A specialized chisel with a thin, tapered blade that flares out at the cutting edge, commonly used for reaching into tight spaces and making precise cuts in woodworking.
  27. Flush Trim Router Bit: A router bit with a bearing at the tip and cutting edges at the bottom, used to trim the edge of one material flush with another, such as laminate or edge banding with plywood.
  28. Fret Saw: A small, fine-toothed saw with a narrow blade held in a frame, used for making intricate curved cuts and delicate fretwork in wood.
  29. Grain: The direction, size, arrangement, appearance, or quality of fibers in wood.
  30. Hand Planer: A handheld cutting tool used for shaping and smoothing wood surfaces by removing thin shavings with a sharp blade, commonly used for fitting joints and leveling uneven surfaces.
  31. Hand Saw: A manual cutting tool with a toothed blade used for making straight or curved cuts in wood, available in various types such as crosscut, rip, and dovetail saws.
  32. Hand Scraper: A hand tool with a flat, flexible blade used for smoothing wood surfaces by scraping away thin shavings, offering greater control and precision than sanding.
  33. Japanese Pull Saw: A type of handsaw with a thin, flexible blade that cuts on the pull stroke, offering greater precision and control, commonly used for fine woodworking tasks.
  34. Jigsaw: A power tool with a narrow, reciprocating blade used for cutting curves and irregular shapes in wood.
  35. Lathe Chisel: A specialized cutting tool used on a lathe for shaping and turning wood, available in various shapes and sizes for different tasks such as roughing, detailing, and finishing.
  36. Miter Joint: A joint made by cutting two pieces of wood at an angle, usually 45 degrees, to form a corner.
  37. Mortise: A cavity or hole cut into a piece of wood to receive a tenon and form a joint.
  38. Mortise and Tenon Joint: A traditional woodworking joint where a projecting tenon from one piece of wood fits into a corresponding hole or slot (mortise) in another piece.
  39. Plane: A tool used for shaping wood by shaving off thin layers.
  40. Pocket Hole Jig: A specialized tool used to create pocket holes, which are angled holes drilled into wood to securely join pieces together, commonly used in furniture assembly.
  41. Rabbet: A groove cut along the edge of a piece of wood, typically to receive another piece or to form a joint.
  42. Random Orbital Sander: A handheld power tool that utilizes a round sanding pad moving in both circular and orbital motions to achieve a smooth finish on wood surfaces.
  43. Rip Cut: A type of cut made parallel to the wood grain.
  44. Router: A power tool used for hollowing out an area in a piece of wood, or for cutting profiles or shapes along its edge.
  45. Router Circle Cutting Jig: A jig or attachment used with a router to cut circles or arcs of various sizes in wood, providing a simple and accurate method for creating curved shapes in woodworking projects.
  46. Router Table: A stationary woodworking tool consisting of a vertically mounted router and a flat table, used for precise shaping and trimming.
  47. Sawhorse: A frame used to support wood during cutting or assembly, typically shaped like a horse with four legs.
  48. Scroll Saw: A small electric saw used to cut intricate curves and shapes in thin wood.
  49. Sharpening Stone: An abrasive stone used for sharpening and honing the cutting edges of woodworking tools, available in various grits for different levels of abrasiveness.
  50. Spindle Sander: A stationary power tool used for sanding curved or irregularly shaped wood pieces by rotating a spindle with sandpaper sleeves.
  51. Spindle: A turned piece of wood, often used as a decorative element in furniture or architecture.
  52. Spokeshave: A small hand tool with a flat blade used for shaping and smoothing curved surfaces.
  53. Table Saw: A stationary power saw with a circular blade mounted on an arbor, used for making straight cuts in wood along the length or width of a board.
  54. Tenon: A projecting piece of wood made to fit into a corresponding mortise, forming a joint.
  55. Veneer: Thin slices of wood glued onto a substrate to create decorative surfaces or to strengthen panels.
  56. Wood Burning Pen: A tool used in pyrography (wood burning) that consists of a heated metal tip attached to a handle, allowing for the creation of intricate designs and patterns on wood surfaces.
  57. Wood Carving Knife: A specialized knife with a sharp blade designed for carving and shaping wood by removing small chips or layers.
  58. Wood Moisture Meter: A device used to measure the moisture content of wood, important for ensuring proper drying and preventing warping or cracking in finished projects.
  59. Wood Router Bit: A cutting tool designed to be used with a router to create various shapes, edges, and profiles on wood.
  60. Wood Stain: A colored liquid applied to wood surfaces to alter or enhance their appearance while still allowing the natural grain to show through.
  61. Wood Vise: A clamping device attached to a workbench, used to hold wood securely in place during woodworking operations.
  62. Woodworker's Bench: A sturdy workbench specifically designed for woodworking tasks, typically equipped with vises, clamps, and tool storage.
  63. Woodworker's Ruler: A measuring tool with markings in inches and centimeters, used for measuring and marking dimensions on wood pieces accurately.
  64. Woodworking Apron: A protective garment worn by woodworkers to keep clothes clean and protect against dust, chips, and sharp tools, often equipped with pockets for holding tools and supplies.
  65. Woodworking Compass: A tool used for drawing or scribing circles and arcs on wood surfaces, consisting of two adjustable legs connected by a pivot point.
  66. Woodworking Dust Collection: Systems used to capture and remove sawdust and other debris generated during woodworking operations to maintain a clean and safe working environment.
  67. Woodworking Featherboard: A device consisting of thin, flexible fingers or springs used to apply pressure against a workpiece, preventing kickback and ensuring a smooth and consistent feed when using power tools such as table saws or routers.
  68. Woodworking Lathe Chuck: A device used to hold and secure workpieces on a lathe for turning and shaping operations, available in various sizes and configurations to accommodate different projects.
  69. Woodworking Router Template Guide Set: A set of interchangeable guides or bushings used with a router to follow templates and create consistent and precise cuts, shapes, or patterns in wood.
  70. Woodworking Safety Gear: Protective equipment such as safety glasses, hearing protection, and dust masks worn by woodworkers to reduce the risk of injury and exposure to harmful substances.
  71. Woodworking Square: A measuring and marking tool with a right-angle design, used for checking and marking 90-degree angles and ensuring the squareness of woodworking projects.
  72. Woodworking Workbench Vise: A clamping device attached to a woodworking workbench, used to hold pieces of wood securely in place during various woodworking tasks such as planing, sawing, and carving.