Blue Rose: The Impossible Dream turned Reality


Roses, with their captivating beauty and intoxicating fragrance, have enchanted humanity for centuries. Over time, breeders and botanists have made remarkable strides in manipulating the colors and characteristics of these beloved flowers. However, there was always one color that remained elusive in the realm of roses: blue. The quest for a true blue rose, reminiscent of the mythical and ethereal hue, has intrigued and inspired scientists, horticulturists, and romantics alike. In this article, we explore the fascinating story behind the creation of a true blue rose and delve into the rarity of this captivating color in nature.

The Allure of Blue:

Blue, a color associated with tranquility, mystery, and harmony, has long held a special place in the hearts of people worldwide. In nature, true blue pigments are exceedingly rare, making the discovery of blue flowers a captivating event. Throughout history, poets and artists have sought to capture the essence of blue, often depicting it as elusive and enigmatic. The absence of naturally occurring blue roses only added to the allure of this color, sparking a desire to create one artificially.

Artificial Blue Rose - Noctaris

A Historical Pursuit:

The journey to create a blue rose began centuries ago. Countless attempts were made to breed blue roses, but they all fell short due to the absence of a specific pigment called delphinidin. This pigment is responsible for the blue color found in some flowers, such as delphiniums and hydrangeas. However, roses lacked the genetic pathway to produce delphinidin, making it seemingly impossible to create a true blue rose.

The Breakthrough:

In recent years, advancements in genetic engineering and biotechnology have opened up new possibilities for creating blue roses. Scientists focused on introducing genes from other blue-flowering plants into roses, aiming to activate the delphinidin pathway. After years of meticulous research and experimentation, Japanese scientists succeeded in introducing the blue pigment genes from pansies (Viola spp.) into roses.

The resultant blue rose, named "Applause," unveiled in 2004 by the company Suntory, was a triumph of scientific ingenuity. While not a deep, vibrant blue like the sky, Applause represented a breakthrough in the quest for a true blue rose. Its petals displayed a soft, lavender-blue hue, mesmerizing admirers worldwide.

First True Blue Rose "Applause" by Suntory - Noctaris

The Rarity of Blue in Nature:

In the natural world, true blue flowers are a rare and remarkable sight. The scarcity of blue pigments in plants is attributed to the complexities of synthesizing and maintaining such compounds. It requires a precise combination of genetic factors and environmental conditions. Consequently, flowers that exhibit true blue tones are often celebrated for their unique beauty and cherished as a botanical marvel.

In addition to the elusive blue rose, nature offers only a handful of naturally occurring blue flowers. Among them are the exquisite Himalayan blue poppy (Meconopsis grandis), the striking blue passionflower (Passiflora caerulea), and the delicate forget-me-not (Myosotis spp.). Each of these specimens possesses a captivating allure, drawing attention and admiration due to their rarity.

The Symbolism of a Blue Rose:

Beyond its aesthetic appeal, a blue rose carries profound symbolic meaning. It is often associated with mystery, the unattainable, and the extraordinary. The rarity of a blue rose grants it an air of uniqueness and exclusivity, making it a potent symbol of true love, unattainable desires, and the pursuit of the impossible.


The creation of a true blue rose marks a significant milestone in the world of horticulture and biotechnology. Through the concerted efforts of scientists, horticulturists, and genetic engineers, the dream of a blue rose has become a reality. While the beauty of blue flowers continues to enchant us, their rarity in nature serves as a reminder of the uniqueness and preciousness of this elusive hue.